For teacher-guided investigations, only the most important steps of an experiment need to be recorded in a students' science notebook. For lengthy procedures, it is best to simply print out the steps and have the students tape or glue them into their notebooks. Handwriting the procedure is less important than keeping a record of real scientific practices, like predicting, recording data, doing calculations, graphing results, and drawing conclusions. For student-designed experiments in small groups, on the other hand, individuals should write down the steps during the discourse-driven design process. Planning sheets or checklists can be used to scaffold the investigative process.

Teacher Routine for Investigations:
How to get students ready
How to give feedback
What comes next
Test claims & predictions

Record data & observations

Do calculations

Graph results

Draw conclusions
Determine what information is to be collected and how it could best be recorded.

Model procedure
While circulating:
-press & probe
Generate charts or graphs from data

Make sense of data or observations

Summary table


Revise models